Botanical medicine and stress.
Life in conditions of psycho-emotional stress, constant fatigue and chronic stress leads to the manifestation of various symptoms, forcing to seek medical care 10-20% of people (according to different authors).
Canadian scientist Hans Selye called stress nonspecific response to any change that requires adjustment and adaptation. In other words,stress is a multicomponent response of an organism to any stress event.
In the period of stress, there are adaptive changes in the physiological,
mental and behavioral levels. To date, there is no doubt the role of stress in the development of multi-socially significant diseases that worsen the quality of life and reduce life expectancy. Ganssle described the triad of change, typical of any pronounced stress: hypertrophy of the adrenal cortex,
thymus involution, ulceration in the gastrointestinal tract. Stress is a recognized risk factor for the development of neuroses, neurosis-like borderline and psychopathic States.Prevention of stress and stress-induced processes is an important task of modern society. Currently, for the prevention and treatment of stress ispolzuyutsya drugs razlichayushchiesya groups adaptogens, sedatives, anxiolytics(tranquilizers) and even antidepressants and antipsychotics. The standard means of pharmacotherapy of neuroses are anxiolytics and sedatives. Currently, the most frequently primenyayutsya tranquilizers – derivatives of benzodiazepine, which have a number of undesirable oboznachenie that limit their use, especially in the context of ongoing work activities associated with the need to concentrationtime when operator activity and driving traffic.
Severe side effectscipro benzodiazepines are: the development of drug dependence, suppression of duchatellier, the muscle relaxation from narusheniyami and downs, addictive,withdrawal, etc. stalkerami Given a list of undesirable effects that limit their use,
it is important to search for alternative drugs of plant origin with the absence of the above side effects.
One of the perspective directions of search of effective, but safe
stress-protective agents is an experimental study of drugs of plant origin, which include complexbiologically active substances and exhibit a wide range of pharmacological activity.
The range of herbal preparations is quite diverse. The preparations of plant origin, which possess a sedative
properties and can be used for treatment and prevention of consequences
stress, can be attributed to Valerian, motherwort, hawthorn, hops, peony, passionflower, Melissa, Heather, oregano, St. John’s wort, tarragon wormwood. These rastitelnosti effective when narushenija, irritability of trevozhnosti. It is also important that there is a high compliance of patients (that is, a high willingness to perform the appointment of doctors for the constant use of drugs),who were prescribed herbal medicines. According to who, up to 80% of the world’s population prefer to be treated with medicines of natural plant origin. Method of herbal medicine allowed for use even in Pediatrics, it is almost not keepaliveoptions has shirochenskaya lazebnikov and preventive actions and can primaryattack yourself (for uncomplicated disease) and in the complex treatment of several diseases of the CNS.Based on this, it is of interest to search for medicinal plants with psychotropic activity, possessing low toxicity and not inferior to the severity of the pharmacological effect of modern synthetic drugs.
List of references.
1. Avedisova A. S. To the question about addiction to benzodiazepines // a Psychiatrist.psicofarmacos. 1999. No. 1. P. 24-25.
2. Alyautdin R. N. Pharmacology –4th edition, pererab. and DOP. M.: GEO-TAR. MEDIA. 2008. 832 PP.
3. The state register of medicines approved for copper-
Qing application. M.: 2002.
4. Manual on experimental (preclinical) study of new pharmacological substances / Edited by corresponding member of RAMS, Professor.U. Khabrieva. 2-e Izd., pererab. I DOP. M.: JSC publishing House “Medicine”.
2005. 832 PP.
5. Selye H. Stress without distress. M. 1979.